[R] Changing a plot

R Help rhelp.stats at gmail.com
Thu Sep 25 15:55:29 CEST 2008

Thanks, I looked into the grid package.  The grid package does do a
better job of managing the plotting, but it's still re-plotting the
entire canvas whenever a modifcation is made to a plot.

I guess I should have been a little clearer with my question.  Here's
a sample function.

x = runif(10000)
y = runif(10000)
v1 <- viewport()
grid.rect(gp = gpar(lty = "dashed"))
pushViewport(plotViewport(c(5.1, 4.1, 4.1, 2.1)))
pushViewport(dataViewport(x, y))
grid.points(x, y)
grid.text("1:10", x = unit(-3, "lines"), rot = 90)
v2 <- viewport()
index = tclVar(1)
refresh <- function(...){
  i <- as.numeric(tclvalue(index))

m <- tktoplevel()
pScale <- tkscale(m,from=0,to=10000,orient='horiz',resolution=1,variable=index,command=refresh)

The green point should change as the slider is moved, but there are so
many points in the background that replotting them confuses the
graphic.  What I want to be able to do is replt the green point
without removing the background.

Sam Stewart

On Wed, Sep 24, 2008 at 11:12 AM, Ben Bolker <bolker at ufl.edu> wrote:
> R Help <rhelp.stats <at> gmail.com> writes:
>> Hello list,
>> I've been working on this problem for a while and I haven't been able
>> to come up with a solution.
>> I have a couple of functions that plot a bunch of data, then a single
>> point on top of it.  What I want is to be able to change the plot of
>> the point without replotting all the data.  Consider the following
>> example:
>> x = rnorm(100,1,0.5)
>> y = rnorm(100,1,0.5)
>> plot(x,y,pch=16)
>> points(x[35],y[35],pch=19,col=6,cex=3)
>> What I want to be able to do is to change the purple point to a
>> different value without replotting everything.
>  R's default (base) graphics model is a 'canvas' -- things get
> drawn, but nothing ever gets erased. (The cheap solution is
> to overplot in the background color, but that
> won't work if there's stuff underneath the point
> that you want to preserve.) You probably need to move
> to the grid graphics package (hint: buy or borrow Paul Murrell's
> book) to do something like this.
>  Ben Bolker
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