[R] Use of colour in plots
Steve Murray
smurray444 at hotmail.com
Thu Sep 18 19:07:43 CEST 2008
Dear Thierry and all,
I've tried out ggplot from the ggplot2 package and it seems to provide much more favourable results!
Just a few questions I have after consulting the 'help' file for ggplot.
Is there a way of preventing overplotting? Some of the red points are being obscured by the green ones. I've tried changing the size of the points (using size=1) but this doesn't resolve the issue, as there are many points quite densely packed in some parts of the graph.
Also how would I change the colours if I wished (for future plots of a similar format)? And how do you customise the legend?
Finally, is there a way of changing the grey background of the graph to white?
Sorry for all the questions, it's just that I'm new to the ggplot2 package and can't find the answers in the help file or on the associated website!
Many thanks to anyone who's able to offer any advice.
Best wishes,
Steve
> Subject: RE: [R] Use of colour in plots
> Date: Thu, 18 Sep 2008 14:52:57 +0200
> From: Thierry.ONKELINX at inbo.be
> To: smurray444 at hotmail.com; petr.pikal at precheza.cz; jrkrideau at yahoo.ca
> CC: r-help at r-project.org
>
> Steve,
>
> Have a look at the ggplot2 package:
>
> library(ggplot2)
> ggplot(Jan, aes(x = PopDensity, y = Average.Burnt.Area.Fraction, colour
> = factor(Urban.Rural> 1.25))) + geom_point()
>
>
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
> ----
> ir. Thierry Onkelinx
> Instituut voor natuur- en bosonderzoek / Research Institute for Nature
> and Forest
> Cel biometrie, methodologie en kwaliteitszorg / Section biometrics,
> methodology and quality assurance
> Gaverstraat 4
> 9500 Geraardsbergen
> Belgium
> tel. + 32 54/436 185
> Thierry.Onkelinx at inbo.be
> www.inbo.be
>
> To call in the statistician after the experiment is done may be no more
> than asking him to perform a post-mortem examination: he may be able to
> say what the experiment died of.
> ~ Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher
>
> The plural of anecdote is not data.
> ~ Roger Brinner
>
> The combination of some data and an aching desire for an answer does not
> ensure that a reasonable answer can be extracted from a given body of
> data.
> ~ John Tukey
>
> -----Oorspronkelijk bericht-----
> Van: r-help-bounces at r-project.org [mailto:r-help-bounces at r-project.org]
> Namens Steve Murray
> Verzonden: donderdag 18 september 2008 13:58
> Aan: Petr PIKAL; jrkrideau at yahoo.ca
> CC: r-help at r-project.org
> Onderwerp: Re: [R] Use of colour in plots
>
>
> Dear all,
>
> I've finally got round to plotting my data and trying to apply colour
> (had some problems with the data which I needed to rectify first!). I'm
> having trouble however getting the colour to work as I'd hoped, despite
> the help offered in previous messages.
>
> Just to recap, and with more specifics this time, I have a data frame as
> follows:
>
>
>> head(Jan)
> Latitude Longitude Urban.Rural Average.Burnt.Area.Fraction PopDensity
> GDP
> 1 -0.25 -49.25 1.000000 9e-05 1.8703090
> 25694
> 2 -0.25 -50.25 1.000000 2e-05 2.5962470
> 32205
> 3 -0.25 -50.75 1.000000 0e+00 3.5221470
> 39312
> 4 -0.25 -51.25 1.042432 5e-06 14.2919000
> 87685
> 5 -0.25 -51.75 1.000000 1e-05 0.5721315
> 11376
> 6 -0.25 -52.25 1.000000 4e-05 0.7262031
> 11083
> Cropland.Area..km.2.grid.cell.
> 1 0.4260444
> 2 0.3401146
> 3 0.3036076
> 4 0.3147694
> 5 0.2843388
> 6 0.1734099
>
>
> I hope to plot Average.Burnt.Area.Fraction (ABAF) against PopDensity
> (which I have done using:> plot(Jan[,3],Jan[,4]) ).
>
> However, the twist is, I hope these points to be coloured according to
> the values of Urban.Rural (but don't want this column to actually be
> plotted). I am looking to do, if Urban.Rural>1.25 then colour the point
> red, and if it's = To: jrkrideau at yahoo.ca
>> CC: r-help at r-project.org; smurray444 at hotmail.com
>> Subject: Re: [R] Use of colour in plots
>> From: petr.pikal at precheza.cz
>> Date: Fri, 5 Sep 2008 16:40:47 +0200
>>
>> Hi
>>
>> r-help-bounces at r-project.org napsal dne 05.09.2008 16:24:35:
>>
>>> Here is an example doing the same type of thing.
>>> It should be easy enough to adapt.
>>>
>>> Good luck
>>>
>>> ===========================================================
>>> x <- runif(100, 0, 1)
>>> y <- runif(100, 0, 1)
>>> z <- data.frame(x,y)
>>>
>>> plot(subset(z, z$y>=.5), col="red", ylim=c(min(z$y),
>>> max(z$y)), pch=16)
>>> points(subset(z, z$y <=.49), col="blue", pch=16)
>>> ===========================================================
>>
>> Or
>>
>> third <- (z$y>=.5)+1
>> plot(z, col=third, pch=16)
>>
>> Just tell to col a vector of colors with appropriate use of logical.
>>
>> Or you can use col = as.numeric(some factor), which is quite
> convenient
>> use of factors feature which is not desired in other cases.
>> See warning section of factor help page.
>>
>> Regards
>>
>>>
>>>
>>> --- On Fri, 9/5/08, Steve Murray wrote:
>>>
>>>> From: Steve Murray
>>>> Subject: [R] Use of colour in plots
>>>> To: r-help at r-project.org
>>>> Received: Friday, September 5, 2008, 9:10 AM
>>>> Dear all,
>>>>
>>>> I have 3 datasets all of which share the same longitude and
>>>> latitude values, which I'm looking to plot onto a
>>>> scattergraph. The third dataset has values which can only be
>>>> either '1' or '2'. So to incorporate all
>>>> three datasets onto two axes, I'm wondering if I can
>>>> plot dataset1 and dataset2 as normal, but then use colour to
>>>> determine whether these points are either values '1'
>>>> or '2' according to the third dataset.
>>>>
>>>> If so, how would I go about doing this in R, and what
>>>> format would the command take?
>>>>
>>>> Thanks for any help offered,
>>>>
>>>> Steve
>>>>
>>>> ______________________________________________
>>>> R-help at r-project.org mailing list
>>>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
>>>> PLEASE do read the posting guide
>>>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
>>>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained,
>>>> reproducible code.
>>>
>>> ______________________________________________
>>> R-help at r-project.org mailing list
>>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
>>> PLEASE do read the posting guide
>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
>>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>>
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help at r-project.org mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>
> Dit bericht en eventuele bijlagen geven enkel de visie van de schrijver weer en binden het INBO onder geen enkel beding, zolang dit bericht niet bevestigd is door een geldig ondertekend document. The views expressed in this message and any annex are purely those of the writer and may not be regarded as stating an official position of INBO, as long as the message is not confirmed by a duly signed document.
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