# [R] recoding one variable into another - but differently fordifferent cases

Bert Gunter gunter.berton at gene.com
Tue Jan 22 20:25:38 CET 2008

```Try this:

z1 <- c(1,-1,0,99)[Data\$A]
z2 <- c(-1,1,0,99)[Data\$A]
Data\$new <- ifelse(Data\$B == 1, z1,z2)

(This does not generalize, however, and assumes that the values you gave are
exact. Gabor's approach would work more generally)

-- Bert Gunter
Genentech Nonclinical Statistics

-----Original Message-----
From: r-help-bounces at r-project.org [mailto:r-help-bounces at r-project.org] On
Behalf Of Gabor Grothendieck
Sent: Tuesday, January 22, 2008 11:09 AM
To: Dimitri Liakhovitski
Cc: R-Help List
Subject: Re: [R] recoding one variable into another - but differently
fordifferent cases

You could create a lookup table or use recode in the car package.

Another possibility is to use a logical/arithmetic expression.  The
following expression says that

- if A is 1 then use the first term equals the coefficient, namely 1
if B ==1 and -1 if B == 2.
Also, if A is not 1 then that term is zero and can be ignored.
- if A is 2 or 99 then the second or third terms are used analogously
- otherwise no terms are selected and the expression equals zero

transform(Data, new =
(A == 1) * ((B == 1) - (B == 2)) + (A == 2) * ((B == 2) - (B ==
1)) + (A == 4) * 99)

This could be reduced even more although at the expense of
understandability, e.g.

transform(Data, new = ifelse(A > 2, 99 * (A == 4), (A == B) - (A != B)))

On Jan 22, 2008 12:25 PM, Dimitri Liakhovitski <ld7631 at gmail.com> wrote:
> Hello,
> I have 2 variables in my sample Data: Data\$A and Data\$B
> Variable Data\$A can assume values: 1, 2, 3, and 4.
> Variable Data\$B identifies my cases and can assume values: 1 and 2.
>
> I need to recode my variable Data\$A into a new variable Data\$new such
that:
>
> People who are Data[Data\$B %in% 1, ]  are recoded like this:
>
> Value on Data\$A    Value on Data\$new
> 1                             +1
> 2                             -1
> 3                             0
> 4                             99
>
> People who are Data[Data\$B %in% 2, ]  are recoded like this:
>
> Value on Data\$A    Value on Data\$new
> 1                             -1
> 2                             +1
> 3                             0
> 4                             99
>
> I am having hard time doing this. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
> Dimitri
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help at r-project.org mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide
http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>

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and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.

```

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