# [R] Find all numbers in a certain interval

David Winsemius dwinsemius at comcast.net
Tue Dec 16 13:07:26 CET 2008

```It's not entirely clear what you are asking for, since
which(within.interval(a, -0.5, 0.5)) is actually longer than which(a >
-0.5 & a < 0.5). You mention that you want a solution that applies to
dataframes. Using indexing you can get entire rows of dataframes that
satisfy multiple conditions on one of its columns:

>> DF <- data.frame(a = rnorm(20), b= LETTERS[1:20], c =
letters[20:1], stringsAsFactors=FALSE)

> DF[which( DF\$a > -0.5 & DF\$a < 0.5 ), ]
# note that one needs to avoid DF[which(a > -0.5 & a<0.5) , ]
# the "a" vector is not the same as the "a" column vector within DF
a b c
3  -0.47310672 C r
6  -0.49784460 F o
9   0.02571058 I l
10  0.16893759 J k
11 -0.11963322 K j
12  0.39378887 L i
16  0.03712263 P e

Could get the indices that satisfy more than one condition:
> which(DF\$a > 0.5 & DF\$b < "K")
  1  2  6 10

Or you can get rows of DF that satisfy conditions on multiple columns
with the subset function:

> subset(DF, a > 0.5 & b < "K")
a b c
1  2.2500997 A t
2  0.7251357 B s
6  0.7845355 F o
10 1.0685649 J k

Or if you wanted a within.interval function

> within.interval <- function(x,a,b) { x > a & x < b}

> which(within.interval(DF\$a, -0.5, 0.5))
  3  4  7  8  9 13 14 17 20

--
David Winsemius
Heritage Labs

On Dec 16, 2008, at 5:09 AM, Antje wrote:

> Hi all,
>
> I'd like to know, if I can solve this with a shorter command:
>
> a <- rnorm(100)
> which(a > -0.5 & a < 0.5)
>
> # would give me all indices of numbers greater than -0.5 and smaller
> than +0.5
>
> I have something similar with a dataframe and it produces sometimes
> quite long commands...
> I'd like to have something like:
>
> which(within.interval(a, -0.5, 0.5))
>
> Is there anything I could use for this purpose?
>
>
> Antje
>
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