[R] A Tip: lm, glm, and retained cases
(Ted Harding)
Ted.Harding at manchester.ac.uk
Wed Aug 27 01:45:50 CEST 2008
Hi Folks,
This tip is probably lurking somewhere already, but I've just
discovered it the hard way, so it is probably worth passing
on for the benefit of those who might otherwise hack their
way along the same path.
Say (for example) you want to do a logistic regression of a
binary response Y on variables X1, X2, X3, X4:
GLM <- glm(Y ~ X1 + X2 + X3 + X4)
Say there are 1000 cases in the data. Because of missing values
(NAs) in the variables, the number of complete cases retained
for the regression is, say, 600. glm() does this automatically.
QUESTION: Which cases are they?
You can of course find out "by hand" on the lines of
ix <- which( (!is.na(Y))&(!is.na(X1))&...&(!is.na(X4)) )
but one feels that GLM already knows -- so how to get it to talk?
ANSWER: (e.g.)
ix <- as.integer(names(GLM$fit))
Reason: When glm(Y~X1+...) picks up the data passed to it, it
assigns[*] to each element of Y a name which is its integer
position in the variable, expressed as a character string
("1", "2", "3", ... ).
[*] Assuming (as is usually the case) that the elements didn't
have names in the first place. Otherwise these names are used;
modify the above approach accordingly.
These names are retained during the computation, and when incomplete
cases are dropped the retained complete cases retain their original
names. Thus, any per-case series of computed values (such as $fit)
has the names of the retained cases the values correspond to. These
can be discovered by
names(GLM$fit)
but you don't want them as character strings, so convert them
to integers:
as.integer(names(GLM$fit))
Done! I hope this helps some people.
Ted.
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E-Mail: (Ted Harding) <Ted.Harding at manchester.ac.uk>
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Date: 27-Aug-08 Time: 00:45:47
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