[R] psychometric functions
Jonathan Baron
baron at psych.upenn.edu
Thu Aug 21 16:48:00 CEST 2008
> > >>> > -----Original Message-----
> > >>> > From: r-help-bounces at r-project.org
> > >>> > [mailto:r-help-bounces at r-project.org] On Behalf Of Mario Maiworm
> > >>> > Sent: Thursday, August 21, 2008 7:05 AM
> > >>> > To: r-help at r-project.org
> > >>> > Subject: [R] psychometric functions
> > >>> >
> > >>> > Hi,
> > >>> > I want to fit some psychophysical data with cumulative
> > gaussians.
> > >>> > There is quite a convenient toolbox for matlab called
> > 'psignifit'
> > >>> > (formerly known as 'psychofit'). It allows the lower
> > bound of the
> > >>> > sigmoid to vary slightly from zero, aswell as the upper
> > bound to
> > >>> > vary from one. with these two free parameters, the
> > fitted function
> > >>> > is less sensitive to noisy data and outliers.
Two comments. First, it isn't clear to me why you want the upper
bound to differ from 1. Apparently you have some theoretical reason
for using a cumulative gaussian. Wouldn't the same theory tell you
that the upper bound should be 1?
Second, putting that aside, one of the very first things I did when I
started using R (in 2000, way before the ltm package) was to fit
item-characteristic curves to some test data using nls(), and these
allowed both upper and lower bound to vary. I used a logit function
rather than what you are using. The code is probably useless now - I
didn't worry about many things and just wanted to get something crude
and descriptive - but here are the main parts:
logit <- function(x) {exp(x)/(1+exp(x))}
astart <- c(.5,.8,.8,.8,.65,.8,.8,.5,.5,.5,.5,
NA,NA,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,
.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5,.5)
icc <- matrix(NA,nitems,4) # A,B,C,D coefficients
# the loop is over the items
for (i in 1:ns) {
icc.tmp<-nls(score[,i]~pmin(1,pmax(0,C*logit((mscore-A)/B)+D)),
start=list(A=astart[i],B=.1,C=.5,D=.5),
control=nls.control(tol=.025)
icc[i,] <- coef(icc.tmp)}
# mscore is the mean score for each item
--
Jonathan Baron, Professor of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania
Home page: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~baron
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