[R] function to generate weights for lm?

Kingsford Jones kingsfordjones at gmail.com
Tue Apr 29 19:00:30 CEST 2008

On Tue, Apr 29, 2008 at 6:20 AM, tom soyer <tom.soyer at gmail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>  I would like to use a weighted lm model to reduce heteroscendasticity. I am
>  wondering if the only way to generate the weights in R is through the
>  laborious process of trial and error by hand. Does anyone know if R has a
>  function that would automatically generate the weights need for lm?

Hi Tom,

The 'weights' argument to the 'gls' function in the nlme package
provides a great deal of flexibility in estimate weighting parameters
and model coefficients.  For example, if you want to model monotonic
heteroscedasticity by estimating the weights $E(Y)^{-2\alpha}$,
 you can use the varPower variance function class.  E.g., something like

f1 <- gls(y ~ x1 + x2, data = your.data, weights = varPower())

will estimate the regression coefficients and alpha parameter together
via maximum likelihood.  (note that the usual specification for varPower is
varPower(form = ~ your.formula), but by default the mean is used.  See
Ch 5 of the Pinheiro and Bates Mixed-effects Models book for details)

Kingsford Jones

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