[R] breslow estimator for cumulative hazard function

Christos Hatzis christos at silicoinsights.com
Tue Mar 7 16:12:34 CET 2006

The function 'basehaz' computes the predicted survivor function for a Cox
prop hazards model centered (at the average values of the covariates) or
non-centered (at zero level of covariates).

As far as the estimator used, basehaz defaults to the Nelson-Aalen estimate
of the cumulative hazard with a Breslow-type estimate of survival.
Alternatively, a K-M estimator for the cumulative hazard can be selected.

See ?basehaz for details.

In your example, you could do something like this:

bh <- basehaz(fit, centered=TRUE)
xyplot(hazard ~ time | strata, data=ALLDPinfectionandbronchitis)


Christos Hatzis, Ph.D.
Vice President, Technology
Nuvera Biosciences, Inc.
400 West Cummings Park
Suite 5350
Woburn, MA 01801
Tel: 781-938-3830

-----Original Message-----
From: r-help-bounces at stat.math.ethz.ch
[mailto:r-help-bounces at stat.math.ethz.ch] On Behalf Of singyee ling
Sent: Tuesday, March 07, 2006 9:18 AM
To: r-help at stat.math.ethz.ch
Subject: [R] breslow estimator for cumulative hazard function

Dear R-users,

I  am checking the proportional hazard assumption of a cox model  for a
given covariate, let say Z1, after adjusting for other relavent covariates
in the model. To this end, I fitted cox model stratified on the discrete
values of Z1 and try to get beslow estimator for the baseline cumulative
hazard function (H(t)) in each stratum. As far as i know, if the
proportionality assumption holds,  the  plot of ln[H(t)] of each stratum
versus time should be approximately parallel.


My question is on whether the cumulative hazard given by the above command
is actually a breslow estimator for baseline cumulative hazard ,i.e,
estimator=sum(  number of death/ (sum(risk score in risk set))   or  a
nelson-Aalen estimator. if the above command does not give me breslow
estimator, please advise on how I can get it.

Thanks for any help given.

kind regards,
sing yee

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