[R] simple question about variables....

Joerg van den Hoff j.van_den_hoff at fz-rossendorf.de
Thu Jul 13 10:19:27 CEST 2006

Stéphane Cruveiller wrote:
> Dear R users,
> I have a simple question on variable manipulation.
> Imagine I have an object "OBJ" that has "toto" as one of its variables.
> I would like to understand why if I do
>  > varname <- "toto"
>  >OBJ$varname                             returns no results
> whereas
>  > OBJ[varname]                            returns the column entitled 
> "toto"
> Thanks for your help.
> Stéphane.

because if the value of `varname' is substituted in the expressions, in 
the first case that yields

OBJ$"toto" and in the second

the latter is valid, the former is not (you'd need `OBJ$toto' there), 
read ` ?"$" ':

"...Both '[[' and '$' select a single element of the list.  The main
      difference is that '$' does not allow computed indices, whereas
      '[[' does.  'x$name' is equivalent to 'x[["name"]]'..."

not, too, the difference between `[' (sublist) and `[[' (single element 


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