# [R] Anova problem with order of terms in model

Martin Julien martin.julien.2 at courrier.uqam.ca
Tue Jan 17 21:33:57 CET 2006

```Hi
I have a linear model and I want to tests whether the model terms are
significant
I used anova but F and P value depend on the order of the terms in the
model.
I have repeated the same analysis in another stat software and F and P value
did not differ with order of terms in the model.
Can anyone can explain what happen or what am I doing wrong ?

In R
> anova (lm(Y~X.1+X.2))
Analysis of Variance Table
Response: Y
Df	Sum Sq		Mean Sq	F value		Pr(>F)
X.1		1	4.0351		4.0351		6.5187
0.01852
X.2		1	0.5903		0.5903		0.9537
0.33991
Residuals	21	12.9991		0.619

> anova (lm(Y~X.2+X.1))
Analysis of Variance Table
Response: Y
Df	Sum Sq		Mean Sq	F value		Pr(>F)
X.2		1	1.9651		1.9651		3.1747
0.08926
X.1		1	2.6603		2.6603		4.2977
0.05066
Residuals	21	12.9991		0.619

With another stat software (JMP)
Y~X.1+X.2
Df	Sum Sq		Mean Sq	F value		Pr(>F)
X.1		1	2.6603		2.6603		4.2977
0.05066
X.2		1	0.5903		0.5903		0.9537
0.33991
Residuals	21	12.9991		0.619

Y~X.2+X.1
Df	Sum Sq		Mean Sq	F value		Pr(>F)
X.2		1	0.5903		0.5903		0.9537
0.33991
X.1		1	2.6603		2.6603		4.2977
0.05066
Residuals	21	12.9991		0.619

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Julien Martin

Canadian Research Chair in behavioural ecology
Université du Québec à Montréal

Email: martin.julien.2 at courrier.uqam.ca

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