[R] aov contrasts residual error calculation
jacques.veslot at good.ibl.fr
Fri Apr 21 17:57:52 CEST 2006
why not using lme() ?
first, you need transform data:
dat2 <- as.data.frame(lapply(subset(dat, sel=-c(A,B,C)), rep, 3))
dat2$y <- unlist(subset(dat, sel=c(A,B,C)), F, F)
dat2$cond <- factor(rep(c("A","B","C"), each=nrow(dat)))
dat2$inter <- factor(dat2$map):factor(dat2$cond)
lme1 <- lme(fixed = y ~ mapping + cond + inter + other fixed effects,
random = ~ 1 |subj, data=dat2,
Steven Lacey a écrit :
> I am using aov with an Error component to model some repeated measures data.
> By repeated measures I mean the data look something like this...
> subj A B C
> 1 4 11 15
> 2 3 12 17
> 3 5 9 14
> 4 6 10 18
> For each subject I have 3 observations, one in each of three conditions (A,
> B, C). I want to test the following contrast (1, 0, -1). One solution is to
> apply the contrast weights at the subject level explicitly and then call
> t.test on the difference scores. However, I am looking for a more robust
> solution as I my actual design has more within-subjects factors and one or
> more between subjects factors.
> A better solution is to specify the contrast in an argument to aov. The
> estimated difference of the contrast is the same as that in the paired
> t-test, but the residual df are double. While not what I expected, it
> follows from the documentation, which explicitly states that these contrasts
> are not to be used for any error term. Even though I specify 1 contrast,
> there are 2 df for a 3 level factor, and I suspect internally the error term
> is calculated by pooling across multiple contrasts.
> While very useful, I am wondering if there is way to get aov to calculate
> the residual error term only based on the specified contrasts (i.e., not
> assume homogeneity of variance and sphericity) for that strata?
> If not, I could calculate them directly using model.matrix, but I've never
> done that. If that is the preferred solution, I'd also appreciate coding
> suggestions to do it efficiently.
> How would I do the same thing with a two factor anova where one factor is
> within-subjects and one is between...
> Mapping Subject A B C
> 1 1 4 11 15
> 1 2
> 1 3
> 1 4
> 1 5
> 1 6
> 1 7
> 1 8
> 2 9
> 2 10
> Mapping is a between-subject factor. Condition is a within-subject factor.
> There are 5 levels of mapping, 8 subjects nested in each level of mapping.
> For each of the 40 combinations of mapping and subject there are 3
> observations, one in each level of the condition factor.
> I want to estimate the pooled error associated with the following set of 4
> orthogonal contrasts:
> What is the best way to do this? One way is to estimate the linear contrast
> for condition for each subject, create a 40 row matrix where the measure for
> each combination of mapping and subject is the linear contrast on condition.
> If I pass this dataframe to aov, the mse it returns is the value I am
> looking for.
> If possible, I would like to obtain the estimate without collapsing the
> dataframe, but am not sure how to proceed. Suggestions?
> R-help at stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
Jacques.Veslot at good.ibl.fr
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