# [R] How to break an axis?

joerg van den hoff j.van_den_hoff at fz-rossendorf.de
Tue May 24 10:43:00 CEST 2005

```Bo Peng wrote:
> Dear list,
>
> I need to plot four almost horizontal lines with y-values around
> 1,3,4, 400. If I plot them directly, the first three lines will be
> indiscernible so I am thinking of breaking y-axis into two parts, one
> with range (0,5), another (395,400). Is there an easy way to do this?
>
> I can think of two ways:
> 1. use two plots and draw axes manually. The plot margins, are however
> 2. use one plot, adjust y-values of the lines and draw y-axis
> manually. But, how would I break y-axis and add separation symbols
> *on* yaxis? (By separation symbol, I mean something like
> ------//------
>
> Many thanks in davance.
> Bo
>
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>
maybe something like

matplot(1:10, rep(1,10)%o%c(1,3,4), col=1:3, ylim = c(0,20), type='b')
par(new=T)
matplot(1:10, rep(400,10),axes=F,ann=F, col=4, ylim = c(0,400),type='b')
axis(4)
legend(par('usr'), par('usr'), bg='white',   xjust=1, c('left
axis', 'left axis', 'left axis', 'right axis'),col=1:4,
pch=as.character(1:4))