# [R] multinom(): likelihood of model?

Brooks Miner miner at u.washington.edu
Mon May 16 23:07:06 CEST 2005

```Professor Ripley,

(almost) all figured out now.  My model is for discrete data (discrete
response AND predictors).  The issue I'm stuck on is that my saturated
model does NOT predict exactly; the constant is ~1874.052.

Here is an example of my model with much less data, showing how the
saturated model does not predict exactly (constant ~ 440.6375).

library(nnet)
fem.labs<-
factor(c("Fem1","Fem2","Fem3","Fem4","Fem5","Fem6"),levels=c("Fem1","Fem
2","Fem3","Fem4","Fem5","Fem6"))
site.labs<-factor(c("Site01","Site02","Site03","Site04"))
data<-
c(20,16,21,16,13,11,15,13,27,27,30,19,24,25,29,23,24,20,25,25,24,18,26,2
0,2,0,2,2,1,1,0,1,3,3,3,6,4,3,2,4,2,1,3,1,3,4,1,1,5,11,4,9,1,3,0,1,3,3,0
,8,4,4,1,5,6,11,4,6,3,8,3,9)
data.table<-structure(.Data=data.table[rep(1:
nrow(data.table),data),],row.names=1:length(data))
fit.saturated.model\$deviance # Why is this NONZERO?

Am I setting up the regression for the saturated model incorrectly??

- Brooks

----------------------------
Brooks Miner
Research Scientist
Laird Lab
UW Biology
206.616.9385
http://protist.biology.washington.edu/Lairdlab/

On May 13, 2005, at 10:41 PM, Prof Brian Ripley wrote:

> By definition, the deviance is minus twice the maximized
> log-likelihood plus a const.  In any of these models for discrete
> data, the saturated model predicts exactly, so the const is zero.
>
> There are worked examples in MASS4, the book multinom() supports.
>
> On Fri, 13 May 2005, Brooks Miner wrote:
>
>> Hi all,
>>
>> I'm working on a multinomial (or "polytomous") logistic regression
>> using R and have made great progress using multinom() from the nnet
>> library.  My response variable has three categories, and there are
>> two different possible predictors.  I'd like to use the likelihoods
>> of certain models (ie, saturated, fitteds, and null) to calculate
>> Nagelkerke R-squared values for various fitted models.
>>
>> My question today is simple: once I have fitted a model using
>> multinom(), how do I find the likelihood (or log likelihood) of my
>> fitted model?  I understand that this value must be part of the
>> \$deviance or \$AIC components of the fitted model, but my
>> understanding is too limited at this point for me to know how to
>> calculate the likelihood of my fitted model from either of these
>> outputs.
>>
>> Thanks in advance to any assistance offered.  I'd be happy to provide
>> an example of my data and multinom() entries if that would help.
>>
>> Gratefully,
>>
>> - Brooks
>> ----------------------------
>> Brooks Miner
>> Research Scientist
>> Laird Lab
>> UW Biology
>> 206.616.9385
>> http://protist.biology.washington.edu/Lairdlab/
>>
>> ______________________________________________
>> R-help at stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
>>
>
> --
> Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
> Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
> University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
> 1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
> Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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