[R] Defining binary indexing operators
Tony Plate
tplate at blackmesacapital.com
Thu Apr 28 01:26:35 CEST 2005
Excuse me! I misunderstood the question, and indeed, it is necessary be
that complicated when you try to make x$y behave the same as foo(x,y),
rather than foo(x,"y") (doing the former would be inadvisible, as I
think someelse pointed out too.)
Tony Plate wrote:
> It's not necessary to be that complicated, is it? AFAIK, the '$'
> operator is treated specially by the parser so that its RHS is treated
> as a string, not a variable name. Hence, a method for "$" can just take
> the indexing argument directly as given -- no need for any fancy
> language tricks (eval(), etc.)
>
> > x <- structure(3, class = "myclass")
> > y <- 5
> > foo <- function(x,y) paste(x, " indexed by '", y, "'", sep="")
> > foo(x, y)
> [1] "3 indexed by '5'"
> > "$.myclass" <- foo
> > x$y
> [1] "3 indexed by 'y'"
> >
>
> The point of the above example is that foo(x,y) behaves differently from
> x$y even when both call the same function: foo(x,y) uses the value of
> the variable 'y', whereas x$y uses the string "y". This is as desired
> for an indexing operator "$".
>
> -- Tony Plate
>
>
>
> Gabor Grothendieck wrote:
>
>> On 4/27/05, Ali - <saveez at hotmail.com> wrote:
>>
>>> Assume we have a function like:
>>>
>>> foo <- function(x, y)
>>>
>>> how is it possible to define a binary indexing operator, denoted by
>>> $, so
>>> that
>>>
>>> x$y
>>>
>>> functions the same as
>>>
>>> foo(x, y)
>>
>>
>>
>> Here is an example. Note that $ does not evaluate y so you have
>> to do it yourself:
>>
>> x <- structure(3, class = "myclass")
>> y <- 5
>> foo <- function(x,y) x+y
>> "$.myclass" <- function(x, i) { i <- eval.parent(parse(text=i));
>> foo(x, i) }
>> x$y # structure(8, class = "myclass")
>>
>> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>>
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>
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