[R] diagonal matrix construction
Gabor Grothendieck
ggrothendieck at myway.com
Wed Oct 13 05:22:31 CEST 2004
Chris Ryan <chrisryan <at> wvdnr.gov> writes:
:
: Hi,
:
: I have worked long and hard and looked in the manuals and am having a hard
time constructing a diagonal
: matrix. I can get the diagonals out of a matrix but can't construct the
matrix with just the diagonals. I
: have been on the web site and manuals and I think that it says to use:
:
: dsj <- diag (three = 1, nrow, ncol = 7) three is
the name of my matrix and dsj is where I'm trying to put it but it
: comes back:
:
: unused argument(s) (three ...)
: every time that I try it.
:
: Am I doing something wrong in trying to make this matrix?
:
: Thank you very much for your time, Chris Ryan
:
Looking at ?diag we see that diag takes 3 arguments: 'x', 'nrow' and 'ncol'.
'three' is not one of them so it is correctly telling you that you specified
an unused argument.
diag(nrow = 7) # will create a 7x7 identity matrix.
diag(1, 7) # same using positional rather than named arguments
diag(, 7) # same since x defaults to 1
Look at the examples at the bottom of the ?diag page and try them out
by running
example(diag)
at the R prompt or by just typing them in to get more insight. Also
you might consider rereading the Introduction to R manual where it
is covered on page 22.
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