[R] problem with using transace

Frank E Harrell Jr f.harrell at vanderbilt.edu
Mon Nov 29 18:57:08 CET 2004

anne.piotet at urbanet.ch wrote:
>>I am trying to use the Hmisc function transace to transform predictors
>>xtrans<-transace(x,binary=pressres',monotonic='flowstress', categorical='alloy')
>>and I am getting the following message¨
>>Error in ace(x[, -i], x[, i], monotone = im, categorical = ic) : 
>>	unused argument(s) (monotone ...)
>>Any idea?
> thanks anne
>>thank for your help

The corrected version (below) will fix that problem but note that there 
is a bug in ace causing it not to allow a monotonicity constraint when a 
variable is on the left hand side.  This is inconsistent with the ace 
documentation.  There are other problems in ace in which it checks 
column numbers against the number of rows in the x matrix instead of the 
number of columns.  The internal version of ace defined inside areg.boot 
fixes the latter problem.  Note that I reported these problems a long 
time ago.


transace <- function(x, monotonic=NULL, categorical=NULL, binary=NULL, 
pl=TRUE) {
   if(.R.) require('acepack')  # provides ace, avas

nam <- dimnames(x)[[2]]
omit <- is.na(x %*% rep(1,ncol(x)))
omitted <- (1:nrow(x))[omit]
if(length(omitted)) x <- x[!omit,]
p <- ncol(x)
xt <- x  # binary variables retain original coding
if(!length(nam)) stop("x must have column names")
rsq <- rep(NA, p)
names(rsq) <- nam

for(i in (1:p)[!(nam %in% binary)])	{
   lab <- nam[-i]
   w <- 1:(p-1)
   im <- w[lab %in% monotonic]
   ic <- w[lab %in% categorical]
   if(nam[i] %in% monotonic) im <- c(0, im)
   if(nam[i] %in% categorical) ic <- c(0, ic)
   m <- 10*(length(im)>0)+(length(ic)>0)
   if(m==11) a <- ace(x[,-i], x[,i], mon=im, cat=ic)
   else if (m==10) a <- ace(x[,-i], x[,i], mon=im)
   else if(m==1) a <- ace(x[,-i], x[,i], cat=ic)
   else a <- ace(x[,-i], x[,i])
   xt[,i] <- a$ty
   rsq[i] <- a$rsq
   if(pl)plot(x[,i], xt[,i], xlab=nam[i], ylab=paste("Transformed",nam[i]))

cat("R-squared achieved in predicting each variable:\n\n")

attr(xt, "rsq") <- rsq
attr(xt, "omitted") <- omitted

> ______________________________________________
> R-help at stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide! http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html

Frank E Harrell Jr   Professor and Chair           School of Medicine
                      Department of Biostatistics   Vanderbilt University

More information about the R-help mailing list