[R] nested for() loops for returning a nearest point
Liaw, Andy
andy_liaw at merck.com
Wed Jul 30 19:09:46 CEST 2003
> From: Steve Sullivan [mailto:ssullivan at qedgroupllc.com]
>
> I'm trying to do the following:
>
> For each ordered pair of a data frame (D1) containing
> longitudes and latitudes and unique point IDs, calculate the
> distance to every point in another data frame (D2) also
> containing longitudes, latitudes and point IDs, and return to
> a new variable in D1 the point ID of the nearest element of D2.
>
> Dramatis personae (mostly self-explanatory):
>
> D1$long
>
> D1$lat
>
> D1$point.id
>
> neighbor.id (to be created; for each ordered pair in D1 the
> point ID of the nearest ordered pair in D2)
>
> D2$long
>
> D2$lat
>
> D2$point.id
>
> dist.geo (to be created)
>
>
>
> I've been attempting this with nested for() loops that step
> through each ordered pair in D1, and for each ordered pair
> [i] in D1 create a vector
> (dist.geo) the length of D2$lat (say) that contains the
> distance calculated from every ordered pair in D2 to the
> current ordered pair [i] of D1, assign a value for
> D1$neighbor.id[i] based on D2$point.id[(which.min(dist.geo)],
> and move on to the next ordered pair of D1 to create another
> dist.geo, assign another neighbor.id, etc.
>
>
>
> There are no missings/NAs in any of the longs, lats or
> point.ids, although advice on generalizing this to deal with
> them would be appreciated.
>
>
>
> What I've been trying:
>
>
>
> neighbor.id <- vector(length=length(D1$lat))
> dist.geo <- vector(length=length(D2$lat))
> for(i in 1:length(neighbor.id)){
> for(j in 1:length(dist.geo)){
> dist.geo[j] <- D1$lat[i]-D2$lat[j]}
>
> # Yes, I know that isn't the right formula, this is just a test
>
> neighbor.id[i] <- D2$point.id[which.min(dist.geo)]}
>
>
>
> What I get is a neighbor.id of the appropriate length, but
> which consists only of the same value repeated. Should I
> instead pass the
> which.min(dist.geo) to a variable before exiting the inner
> (j) loop, and reference that variable in place of
> which.min(dist.geo) in the last line? Or is this whole
> approach wrongheaded?
>
For finding nearest neighbors, try the following:
set.seed(1)
d1 <- data.frame(long=rnorm(10), lat=rnorm(10), point.id=factor(1:10))
d2 <- data.frame(long=rnorm(5), lat=rnorm(5), point.id=factor(1:5))
## For each point in D1, find nearest neighbor in D2.
library(class)
d1$neighbor.id <- knn1(as.matrix(d2[,1:2]), as.matrix(d1[,1:2]),
d2$point.id)
If you really want do, you could modify knn1() (and the C code it calls) so
the distance is also returned. Otherwise, you can just compute the distance
"by hand" in R once the nearest neighbors are found.
HTH,
Andy
>
>
> This should be elementary, I know, so I appreciate everyone's
> forbearance.
>
>
>
> Steven Sullivan, Ph.D.
>
> Senior Associate
>
> The QED Group, LLC
>
> 1250 Eye St. NW, Suite 802
>
> Washington, DC 20005
>
> ssullivan at qedgroupllc.com
>
> 202.898.1910.x15 (v)
>
> 202.898.0887 (f)
>
> 202.421.8161 (m)
>
>
>
>
> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
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