[R] A problem with using the "outer" function

Spencer Graves spencer.graves at pdf.com
Wed Jul 9 22:09:14 CEST 2003

```Have you tried:

outer(b1,b2,FUN=bpllkd,x=x,y=y,n=n)

I don't think "outer" quite knows what to do with "x, y, n)".  However,
"x=x1, y=y1, n=n1") clearly tells outer to pass the object x1 to the
argument x of function bpllkd, etc.

hope this helps.  spencer graves
p.s.  I was just bitten by that snake last week.

> Hi:
>
> I am using R 1.7.0 on Windows.  I am having trouble getting "outer" to
> work on one of my functions.  Here is a simple example illustrating my
> problem:
>
>
>>b1 <- c(1.2,2.3)
>>b2 <- c(0.5,0.6)
>>x <- c(3e+01, 1e+02, 3e+02, 5e+02, 1e+03, 1e+04, 1e+05, 1e+06)
>>y <- c(2,4,2,5,2,3,1,1)
>>n <- c(5,8,3,6,2,3,1,1)
>
>
>>outer(b1,b2,FUN=bpllkd,x,y,n)
>
>          [,1]     [,2]
> [1,] 17.78031 17.78031
> [2,] 17.78031 17.78031
>
> These values should all be different. What is the problem here?
> The function "bpllkd" is given below:
>
> thanks for any help,
> Ravi.
>
>
>>bpllkd
>
> function(t1,t2,x,y,n){
> p <- 1 - (1+x/10^t1)^(-t2)
> keep <- !((p==0 & y==0) | (p==1 & n==y))
> llk <- sum(y[keep]*log(p[keep])+(n-y)[keep]*
> log(1-p[keep]))
> return(-llk)
> }
>
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```