[R] trouble positioning legends on barplot written to a file
ligges at statistik.uni-dortmund.de
Tue Nov 12 23:55:57 CET 2002
Tom Arnold wrote:
> I'm trying to generate some plots for print publication and I'm having trouble
> getting them the way I want. I get a plot with a legend that overlaps the bars
> and looks bad. Also, I'm saving this as PDF file (whatever happened to the
> "png" function to save as PNG format, in r 1.4.1?)
??? pdf() produces PDFs, png() portable network graphics, etc. .... I
don't get the point.
BTW: R-1.4.1 is rather old.
> I've tried a number of things, which produce a number of questions.
> 1) it seems that the "legend" for a plot must be within the plot area. Is
> there a way to put the legend above, below, or to the side of the plot? The
> particular data I have fill up the plotting area (stacked bar charts, going to
> 100% in each bar)
par(xpd = TRUE)
before legend(), see ?par for details.
> 2) I've tried using "locator()" to position the legend. This only works, so
> far, if I am not using trying to divert output to another device -- like
> creating a PDF via
> so if I take out the pdf() and the dev.off() and just do this:
> it works, on the graphics display device window on screen.
> However, if I do this:
> I get:
> >Error in legend(locator(1),legend = l : missing y
> Also it doesn't let me specify a point. I suppose that's not so surprising,
> because it is drawing to a non-interactive graphics device (the PDF "device"
> is non-interactive, right?), but the error message is confusing.
I wouldn't expect locator() to work that way at all ...
> So, is there any way to specify the location with locator() AND to save that
> plot to a file?
Yes. plot() to the windows() or x11() device, use locator() and "copy"
the plot to another device.
Look particularly at
?dev.copy, ?dev.print, and ?dev.copy2eps(...)
I don't recommend this way.
> And if I don't use "locator' then I have to specify the legend location to
> "legend(x,y, legend) but the documentation doesn't say what coordinate system
> that's supposed to be in.
Use par("usr") (after barplot()) to get some interesting information.
Thgis can be combined with par(xpd = TRUE), which was mentioned above:
pdf(onefile = FALSE)
# get "extremes of the user coordinates of the plotting region."
# "plotting clipped to figure region"
par(xpd = TRUE)
# now a proper legend()
> Tom Arnold
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