# [R] RE: Matrix to data.frame without factors

Prof Brian D Ripley ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Fri Apr 12 10:59:23 CEST 2002

```On Fri, 12 Apr 2002, [iso-8859-1] Mäkinen Jussi wrote:

> To answer at least partially to my own question:
>
> "na.to.0" <- function(x)
> {
> 	xx <- data.matrix(x)
> 	xx[is.na(x)] <- 0
> 	xx <- data.frame(xx)
> 	xx
> }
>
> seems to work (Idea is/was replace a data.frame NAs by 0s and return a
> data.frame as a result).
>
> Still I'm a little bit confused with these converts but now I can move on.

I'm confused by your questions.  Is this a data frame with only numeric
if not your conversion makes little sense.

For a *numeric* data frame X

X[] <- lapply(X, function(x) {x[is.na(x)] <- 0; x})

seems to be what you want.

>
> Sorry this monology,
>
> Jussi
> ________________________________________________
> Hello and thank you dear R-people in advance.
>
> This is quite basic question but which I have confronted occasionally and
> get over it without satisfying solution. The question is about factors, this
> time I would just like convert a data.frames NA-terms to 0 and get a
> data.frame as a result. There might be a way to do that inside of the
> data.frame but I think that it might be overcomplicated and possible slow.
> With matrix it is easy and clean:
>
> X <- (ifelse(is.na(X), 0, X))	### Applying data.frames yields list..
>
> or
>
> "na.to.0" <- function(x)
> {
> 	x <- as.matrix(x)	### Just to be sure
> 	x[is.na(x)] <- 0
> 	x <- data.frame(x)	### PROBLEM
> 	x
> }
>
> So the problem comes when converting the result to a data.frame (this is
> sometimes also a problem when importing data.frame!). All character columns
> goes to factors as documented in help. That's something one can avoid by
> using I() or later call type.convert (convert.col.type in Splus if I can
> recall) but somehow I think that there should be a way to make it easier. At
> least in a case when converting data.frame to matrix and back to data.frame.
>
> The other but related question is odd. This time I have numeric col in a
> data.frame (at least it should be) which I have fetched from Excel through
> RODBC (it's great). But when I'm trying to convert Na to 0 as a side effect
> these columns get converted to characters:
>
> [1] TRUE
> [1] FALSE
> or
> [1] FALSE
>
> as.numeric works of course but that's not to way to do well and error robust
> code.
>
> Please let me know if you have any idea how to avoid automatic factor or
> character (last case) conversion.
>
> Jussi
> Analytics
> State Treasury of Finland, Finance
>
>
> PS.
>
> version:
> platform i386-pc-mingw32
> arch     x86
> os       Win32
> system   x86, Win32
> status
> major    1
> minor    4.1
> year     2002
> month    01
> day      30
> language R
>
> Platform is Windows NT4 (not my choice..)
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--
Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272860 (secr)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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```