[R] For Loops
Sundar Dorai-Raj
doraiss at auburn.edu
Tue Oct 30 18:17:12 CET 2001
Why not use tapply?
tapply(data,data$id,function(x) x)
This will split the data up according to id then allow you to apply a
function to each subset. This would be identical to, but more efficient
than, the following:
for(i in 1:n) {
subset <- data[which(data$id==i),]
f(subset) # where f() is sum function applied to the subset
}
Hope this helps.
Sundar
> -----Original Message-----
> From: owner-r-help at stat.math.ethz.ch
> [mailto:owner-r-help at stat.math.ethz.ch] On Behalf Of Isabel Jones
> Sent: Tuesday, October 30, 2001 8:19 AM
> To: r-help at hypatia.math.ethz.ch
> Subject: [R] For Loops
>
>
> Hi all
>
> Perhaps someone could help me?
>
> I am running a loop from i=1 to n
>
> In my data.frame I have a list of i.d's (i=1 to n) and
> each i.d has 2
> rows of data (representing 2 time points) e.g.
>
> id Y X1 X2
> 1 1 0 0
> 1 0 0 0
> 2 1 1 0
> 2 1 1 0
>
> I am wanting to put into my 'for' loop, a line which
> can pick out the
> rows where id=i and call this a temporary name while
> it executes some
> commands beforing moving on to the next i. I'm not
> sure what command I
> can use to locate these rows where id=i and store them
> in a temporary
> matrix.
>
> Also when I have say a matrix consisting of all values
> of Y - how can I
> refer to the Y for person i i.e. Yi
> I have seen in the R information that I can use
> Y[[i]]?
> Is it possible to write say Y[[i]]<-x[[i]]*5
>
> Can somebody point me in the right direction as to how
> to use indexing?
>
> Cheers to all
> Isabel
>
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