[R] statistics for ragged arrays: loop to vector

Roger Bivand Roger.Bivand at nhh.no
Mon Oct 22 17:17:03 CEST 2001

On Mon, 22 Oct 2001, Elena Moltchanova wrote:

> Dear R users,
> I am currently writing a MCMC algorithm for spatial Poisson model. One
> problem which I need to solve is as follows:
> I have a vector X[1:J] which describes characteristics of cells of a
> rectangular grid. Further, for each cell I have a list of adjascent
> cells adj[] and the vector listing numbed of adjascent cells num[].
> Thus if I want to list cells adjascent to cell i I write
> begin.n[i]<-cumsum(c(0,adj)[1:i])+1
> end.n[i]<-cumsum(adj[1:i])
> and if I want to calculate some function, say mean, over the adjascent
> cells I write
> f.X[i]<-mean(X[begin.n[i]:end.n[i]])
> This works fine, but if I need the function to be calculated for each
> cell of the field a couple of times for each MCMC iteration, the amount
> of time which is used by the loop is too large. My question is: can this
> loop be written in some vector form?
This is what lag.listw() in the sptests package does, using a list of
weights (here 1/(number of neighbours of i)) created by nb2listw() in the
spatial weights manipulation package spweights. You may find the
neighbours list structure used there in function cell2nb() of interest
too. I'd be grateful for feedback on the packages, and to hear more of
your progress with spatial probits.


Roger Bivand
Economic Geography Section, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of
Economics and Business Administration, Breiviksveien 40, N-5045 Bergen,
Norway. voice: +47 55 95 93 55; fax +47 55 95 93 93
e-mail: Roger.Bivand at nhh.no
and: Department of Geography and Regional Development, University of
Gdansk, al. Mar. J. Pilsudskiego 46, PL-81 378 Gdynia, Poland.

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