R-beta: Re: S Compatibility (again)

Sun Apr 12 16:36:17 CEST 1998

```More for the record.  structure() does not coerce on one but does
on the other.

Consider changing a character matrix to numeric, keeping all
other attributes:

R:					  S:

> x <- matrix(paste(1:9), 3, 3)           > x <- matrix(paste(1:9), 3, 3)
> x                                       > x
[,1] [,2] [,3]                            [,1] [,2] [,3]
[1,] "1"  "4"  "7"                        [1,] "1"  "4"  "7"
[2,] "2"  "5"  "8"                        [2,] "2"  "5"  "8"
[3,] "3"  "6"  "9"                        [3,] "3"  "6"  "9"

The obvious way fails on both systems, destroying dim attributes
(which may be a feature):

> as.numeric(x)                           > as.numeric(x)
[1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9                     [1] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Using "mode<-" works on both:

> y <- x                                  > y <- x
> mode(y) <- "numeric"			  > mode(y) <- "numeric"
> y                    			  > y
[,1] [,2] [,3]                             [,1] [,2] [,3]
[1,]    1    4    7                       [1,]    1    4    7
[2,]    2    5    8                       [2,]    2    5    8
[3,]    3    6    9                       [3,]    3    6    9

Using structure() fails on R (in an odd way) but works on S:

> structure(x, mode="numeric")            > structure(x, mode="numeric")
[,1] [,2] [,3]                             [,1] [,2] [,3]
[1,] "1"  "4"  "7"                        [1,]    1    4    7
[2,] "2"  "5"  "8"                        [2,]    2    5    8
[3,] "3"  "6"  "9"                        [3,]    3    6    9
attr(,"mode")
[1] "numeric"

Finally note that assigning to the `open bracket' form does a
coercion on both.  (This is a standard way of hanging on to dim
and dimnames attributes in assignments, but it keeps "mode" as
well, so can't be used for this job.)

> x[] <- 0:8                              > x[] <- 0:8
> x                                       > x
[,1] [,2] [,3]                            [,1] [,2] [,3]
[1,] "0"  "3"  "6"                        [1,] "0"  "3"  "6"
[2,] "1"  "4"  "7"                        [2,] "1"  "4"  "7"
[3,] "2"  "5"  "8"                        [3,] "2"  "5"  "8"
>                                         >

Bill.
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```