[Rd] [EXTERNAL] Re: NOTE: multiple local function definitions for ?fun? with different formal arguments
Henrik Bengtsson
henr|k@bengt@@on @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Tue Feb 6 22:29:49 CET 2024
Here's a dummy example that I think illustrates the problem:
toto <- function() {
if (runif(1) < 0.5)
function(a) a
else
function(a,b) a+b
}
> fcn <- toto()
> fcn(1,2)
[1] 3
> fcn <- toto()
> fcn(1,2)
[1] 3
> fcn <- toto()
> fcn(1,2)
Error in fcn(1, 2) : unused argument (2)
How can you use the returned function, if you get different arguments?
In your example, you cannot use the returned function without knowing
'mode', or by inspecting the returned function. So, the warning is
there to alert you to a potential bug. Anecdotally, I'm pretty sure
this R CMD check NOTE has caught at least one such bug in one of
my/our packages.
If you want to keep the current design pattern, one approach could be
to add ... to your function definitions:
toto <- function(mode)
{
if (mode == 1)
fun <- function(a, b, ...) a*b
else
fun <- function(u, v, w) (u + v) / w
fun
}
to make sure that toto() returns functions that accept the same
minimal number of arguments.
/Henrik
On Tue, Feb 6, 2024 at 1:15 PM Izmirlian, Grant (NIH/NCI) [E] via
R-devel <r-devel using r-project.org> wrote:
>
> Because functions get called and therefore, the calling sequence matters. It’s just protecting you from yourself, but as someone pointed out, there’s a way to silence such notes.
> G
>
>
> From: Hervé Pagès <hpages.on.github using gmail.com>
> Sent: Tuesday, February 6, 2024 2:40 PM
> To: Izmirlian, Grant (NIH/NCI) [E] <izmirlig using mail.nih.gov>; Duncan Murdoch <murdoch.duncan using gmail.com>; r-devel using r-project.org
> Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] Re: [Rd] NOTE: multiple local function definitions for ?fun? with different formal arguments
>
>
> On 2/6/24 11:19, Izmirlian, Grant (NIH/NCI) [E] wrote:
> The note refers to the fact that the function named ‘fun’ appears to be defined in two different ways.
>
> Sure I get that. But how is that any different from a variable being defined in two different ways like in
>
> if (mode == 1)
> x <- -8
> else
> x <- 55
>
> This is such a common and perfectly fine pattern. Why would this be considered a potential hazard when the variable is a function?
>
> H.
>
> From: Hervé Pagès <hpages.on.github using gmail.com><mailto:hpages.on.github using gmail.com>
> Sent: Tuesday, February 6, 2024 2:17 PM
> To: Duncan Murdoch <murdoch.duncan using gmail.com><mailto:murdoch.duncan using gmail.com>; Izmirlian, Grant (NIH/NCI) [E] <izmirlig using mail.nih.gov><mailto:izmirlig using mail.nih.gov>; r-devel using r-project.org<mailto:r-devel using r-project.org>
> Subject: [EXTERNAL] Re: [Rd] NOTE: multiple local function definitions for ?fun? with different formal arguments
>
>
> Thanks. Workarounds are interesting but... what's the point of the NOTE in the first place?
>
> H.
> On 2/4/24 09:07, Duncan Murdoch wrote:
> On 04/02/2024 10:55 a.m., Izmirlian, Grant (NIH/NCI) [E] via R-devel wrote:
>
>
> Well you can see that yeast is exactly weekday you have. The way out is to just not name the result
>
> I think something happened to your explanation...
>
>
>
>
> toto <- function(mode)
> {
> ifelse(mode == 1,
> function(a,b) a*b,
> function(u, v, w) (u + v) / w)
> }
>
> It's a bad idea to use ifelse() when you really want if() ... else ... . In this case it works, but it doesn't always. So the workaround should be
>
>
> toto <- function(mode)
> {
> if(mode == 1)
> function(a,b) a*b
> else
> function(u, v, w) (u + v) / w
> }
>
>
>
>
>
>
> ________________________________
> From: Grant Izmirlian <izmirlidroid using gmail.com><mailto:izmirlidroid using gmail.com>
> Date: Sun, Feb 4, 2024, 10:44 AM
> To: "Izmirlian, Grant (NIH/NCI) [E]" <izmirlig using mail.nih.gov><mailto:izmirlig using mail.nih.gov>
> Subject: Fwd: [EXTERNAL] R-devel Digest, Vol 252, Issue 2
>
> Hi,
>
> I just ran into this 'R CMD check' NOTE for the first time:
>
> * checking R code for possible problems ... NOTE
> toto: multiple local function definitions for �fun� with different
> formal arguments
>
> The "offending" code is something like this (simplified from the real code):
>
> toto <- function(mode)
> {
> if (mode == 1)
> fun <- function(a, b) a*b
> else
> fun <- function(u, v, w) (u + v) / w
> fun
> }
>
> Is that NOTE really intended? Hard to see why this code would be
> considered "wrong".
>
> I know it's just a NOTE but still...
>
> I agree it's a false positive, but the issue is that you have a function object in your function which can't be called unconditionally. The workaround doesn't create such an object.
>
> Recognizing that your function never tries to call fun requires global inspection of toto(), and most of the checks are based on local inspection.
>
> Duncan Murdoch
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-devel using r-project.org<mailto:R-devel using r-project.org> mailing list
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>
> --
>
> Hervé Pagès
>
>
>
> Bioconductor Core Team
>
> hpages.on.github using gmail.com<mailto:hpages.on.github using gmail.com>
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>
>
> --
>
> Hervé Pagès
>
>
>
> Bioconductor Core Team
>
> hpages.on.github using gmail.com<mailto:hpages.on.github using gmail.com>
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