[Rd] length of `...`
Hervé Pagès
hp@ge@ @ending from fredhutch@org
Thu May 3 17:55:20 CEST 2018
Hi,
It would be great if one of the experts could comment on the
difference between Hadley's dotlength and ...length? The fact
that someone bothered to implement a new primitive for that
when there seems to be a very simple and straightforward R-only
solution suggests that there might be some gotchas/pitfalls with
the R-only solution.
Thanks,
H.
On 05/03/2018 08:34 AM, Hadley Wickham wrote:
> On Thu, May 3, 2018 at 8:18 AM, Duncan Murdoch <murdoch.duncan at gmail.com> wrote:
>> On 03/05/2018 11:01 AM, William Dunlap via R-devel wrote:
>>>
>>> In R-3.5.0 you can use ...length():
>>> > f <- function(..., n) ...length()
>>> > f(stop("one"), stop("two"), stop("three"), n=7)
>>> [1] 3
>>>
>>> Prior to that substitute() is the way to go
>>> > g <- function(..., n) length(substitute(...()))
>>> > g(stop("one"), stop("two"), stop("three"), n=7)
>>> [1] 3
>>>
>>> R-3.5.0 also has the ...elt(n) function, which returns
>>> the evaluated n'th entry in ... , without evaluating the
>>> other ... entries.
>>> > fn <- function(..., n) ...elt(n)
>>> > fn(stop("one"), 3*5, stop("three"), n=2)
>>> [1] 15
>>>
>>> Prior to 3.5.0, eval the appropriate component of the output
>>> of substitute() in the appropriate environment:
>>> > gn <- function(..., n) {
>>> + nthExpr <- substitute(...())[[n]]
>>> + eval(nthExpr, envir=parent.frame())
>>> + }
>>> > gn(stop("one"), environment(), stop("two"), n=2)
>>> <environment: R_GlobalEnv>
>>>
>>
>> Bill, the last of these doesn't quite work, because ... can be passed down
>> through a string of callers. You don't necessarily want to evaluate it in
>> the parent.frame(). For example:
>>
>> x <- "global"
>> f <- function(...) {
>> x <- "f"
>> g(...)
>> }
>> g <- function(...) {
>> firstExpr <- substitute(...())[[1]]
>> c(list(...)[[1]], eval(firstExpr, envir = parent.frame()))
>> }
>>
>> Calling g(x) correctly prints "global" twice, but calling f(x) incorrectly
>> prints
>>
>> [1] "global" "f"
>>
>> You can get the first element of ... without evaluating the rest using ..1,
>> but I don't know a way to do this for general n in pre-3.5.0 base R.
>
> If you don't mind using a package:
>
> # works with R 3.1 and up
> library(rlang)
>
> x <- "global"
> f <- function(...) {
> x <- "f"
> g(...)
> }
> g <- function(...) {
> dots <- enquos(...)
> eval_tidy(dots[[1]])
> }
>
> f(x, stop("!"))
> #> [1] "global"
> g(x, stop("!"))
> #> [1] "global"
>
> Hadley
>
--
Hervé Pagès
Program in Computational Biology
Division of Public Health Sciences
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
1100 Fairview Ave. N, M1-B514
P.O. Box 19024
Seattle, WA 98109-1024
E-mail: hpages at fredhutch.org
Phone: (206) 667-5791
Fax: (206) 667-1319
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