[Rd] Compiling 64bit static library for Windows (Rtools33, MSYS2, cross-compile on linux)

Sue McDonald sudomeme at gmail.com
Tue Jun 2 00:49:29 CEST 2015

Thank you all for the suggestions.

I was finally able to get everything to work using msys + Rtools-gcc-4.6.3.
I could be wrong, but it seems that a complete 32+64 bit R-must be
installed to get a 64bit static library compiled.

MSYS while not as complete as MSYS2 does provide a shell that is identical
to linux.  The structure of Rtools-gcc with 'multilib'  is somewhat
confusing as compared to other current "mingw64" downloads, including
MSYS2.  It must be a Herculean task to ensure that 'things-just-work' for
all 4000+ packages -  with every new version!  I understand that Rtools
must control the entire process. I am grateful for all the work that goes
into it. That said, it would be nice, if Rtools could be packaged more like
MSYS2 - which after-all has very similar goals that apply to any linux

Thanks again, SM

On Sat, May 30, 2015 at 2:06 PM, Prof Brian Ripley <ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk>

> On 30/05/2015 13:14, Duncan Murdoch wrote:
>> On 29/05/2015 4:16 PM, Sue McDonald wrote:
>>> My apologies for cross-posting. I found this site, after I had posted on
>>> stack-overflow.
>>> I need to compile several static libraries (C & Fortran) which will later
>>> be linked with an R package. Rtools33 directory includes
>>> /i686-w64-mingw32
>>> directory which I understand creates 32 bit binaries. Yet, there are
>>> other
>>> 64 bit directories as well.
>> The current Rtools is set up for multilib operation.  You only need to
>> use the binaries in Rtools/gcc-4.6.3/bin.  The executables there will
>> choose files from the other directories depending on the -m32 or -m64
>> flag, for 32 bit or 64 bit operation.
>>> I have three related questions:
>>>     1.
>>>     Can Rtools33 be used to compile static libraries as a separate step
>>>     using -m64 flag?
>> Yes, I believe so.  They would be 64 bit static libraries.
>>      2.
>>>     MSYS2 is very convenient for compiling many of these libraries. Can a
>>>     static library compiled with x86_64-w64-mingw32 (gcc 4.9.2) be used
>>> with
>>>     Rtools33 (v 4.6.2)?
>> Rtools uses 4.6.3, not 4.6.2.  I would assume the runtime libraries are
>> different between 4.6.3 and 4.9.2, so you won't be able to mix versions
>> like that.
>> However, you should be able to use your MSYS2 system for all
>> compilation, if you create a MkRules.local file with the right settings.
>>   You will need to compile R and all packages and libraries using that
>> system, don't expect to be able to mix binaries from different versions
>> of gcc.
>>      3.
>>>     Can a static library compiled using x86_64-w64-mingw32-gcc
>>>     cross-compiler (v 4.6.2) on linux be used with Rtools33?
>> Some libraries used by packages are compiled by Brian Ripley using a
>> cross-compiler on linux.  I'd assume he's using 4.6.3 as with the Rtools
>> build, but I'm not sure about that.
> Correct, I used the cross-compiler that was used to compile the native
> compilers in Rtools.
> My experience (this had to work for thousands of packages for CRAN) is
> that only an exact match for the cross-compiler to the compiler used to
> compile R works reliably.  Even very slightly different builds can cause
> segfaults.
> --
> Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
> Emeritus Professor of Applied Statistics, University of Oxford
> 1 South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3TG, UK

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