[Rd] Mapping parse tree elements to tokens
lawrence.michael at gene.com
Wed Jul 29 21:06:57 CEST 2015
I have two use cases in mind:
1) Code indexing/searching, where the table gets me almost all of the
way there, except I ask for all of the text (including the calls) and
then parse that, because it's nice to get back an actual code object
when you are searching code (in addition to where the code lives). The
extra parsing step is just a minor inconvenience.
2) Code analysis, which I'm pretty sure is also Jim's use case, where
the analysis is implemented most easily as a parse tree traversal,
while you also want to point back to the original source location.
Here's where one would want a reference from parse node to location.
So neither of those involves code evaluation at first glance, though I
guess one could use some sort of evaluation during analysis.
On Wed, Jul 29, 2015 at 11:47 AM, Duncan Murdoch
<murdoch.duncan at gmail.com> wrote:
> On 29/07/2015 2:30 PM, Michael Lawrence wrote:
>> Probably need a generic tree based on "ParseNode" objects that
>> associate the line information with the symbol (for leaf nodes). As
>> Duncan notes, it should be possible to gather that from the table.
>> But it would be nice if there was an "expr" column in the parse data
>> column in addition to "text". It would contain the parsed object.
>> Otherwise, to use the table, one is often reparsing the text, which
>> just seems redundant and inconvenient.
> Can you (both Jim and Michael) describe the uses you might have for this?
> There are lots of possible changes that could make this information
> - attach to each item in the parse tree, as the parser package did. (Bad
> idea for general use which is why I dropped it, but
> it could be done as a special option to parse, if you aren't planning to
> evaluate the expression.)
> - give the index into the parse tree of each item, i.e. c(1,1), c(1,2),
> c(1,3) in the example below, or just 1,2,3 along with a function to
> reconstruct the full path.
> - give a copy of the branch of the parse tree, as Michael suggests.
> etc. Which is best for your purposes?
> Duncan Murdoch
>> On Wed, Jul 29, 2015 at 9:43 AM, Duncan Murdoch
>> <murdoch.duncan at gmail.com> wrote:
>> > On 29/07/2015 12:13 PM, Jim Hester wrote:
>> >> I would like to map the parsed tokens obtained from
>> >> utils::getParseData()
>> >> to the parse tree and elements obtained by base::parse().
>> >> It looks like back when this code was in the parser package the parse()
>> >> function annotated the elements in the tree with their id, which would
>> >> allow you to perform this mapping. However when the code was included
>> >> in
>> >> R
>> >> this functionality was removed.
>> > Yes, not all elements of the parse tree can legally have attributes
>> > attached.
>> >> ?getParseData states
>> >> The ‘id’ values are not attached to the elements of the parse
>> >> tree, they are only retained in the table returned by
>> >> ‘getParseData’.
>> >> Is there another way you can map between the getParseData() tokens and
>> >> elements of the parse tree that makes this additional annotation
>> >> unnecessary? Or is this simply not possible?
>> > I think you can't get to it, though you can get close by looking at the
>> > id &
>> > parent values in the table. For example,
>> > code <- "x + (y + 1)"
>> > p <- parse(text=code)
>> > getParseData(p)
>> > line1 col1 line2 col2 id parent token terminal text
>> > 15 1 1 1 11 15 0 expr FALSE
>> > 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 SYMBOL TRUE x
>> > 3 1 1 1 1 3 15 expr FALSE
>> > 2 1 3 1 3 2 15 '+' TRUE +
>> > 13 1 5 1 11 13 15 expr FALSE
>> > 4 1 5 1 5 4 13 '(' TRUE (
>> > 11 1 6 1 10 11 13 expr FALSE
>> > 5 1 6 1 6 5 7 SYMBOL TRUE y
>> > 7 1 6 1 6 7 11 expr FALSE
>> > 6 1 8 1 8 6 11 '+' TRUE +
>> > 8 1 10 1 10 8 9 NUM_CONST TRUE 1
>> > 9 1 10 1 10 9 11 expr FALSE
>> > 10 1 11 1 11 10 13 ')' TRUE )
>> > Now p is an expression, with the parse tree in p[]. From the table,
>> > we
>> > can see that the root node has id 15, and 3 nodes have that as a parent.
>> > Those would be p[[c(1,1)]], p[[c(1,2)]], p[[c(1,3)]]. The tricky part
>> > is
>> > the re-ordering: those correspond to `+`, x, and (y+1) respectively,
>> > not
>> > the order they appear in the original source or in the table. Generally
>> > the
>> > function call appears first in the parse tree, but I'm not sure you
>> > could
>> > always recognize which is the function call by looking at the table.
>> > Duncan Murdoch
>> > ______________________________________________
>> > R-devel at r-project.org mailing list
>> > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel
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