[Rd] R CMD check and missing imports from base packages
pgilbert902 at gmail.com
Thu Apr 30 02:12:42 CEST 2015
On 04/29/2015 05:38 PM, William Dunlap wrote:
>> And in general a developer would avoid masking a function
>> in a base package, so as not to require the user to distinguish
>> between stats::density() and igraph::density(). Maybe the
>> example is not meant literally.
> The 'filter' function in the popular 'dplyr' package masks the one
> that has been in the stats package forever, and they have nothing
> in common, so that may give you an example.
As I recall, several packages mask the simulate generic in stats, if you
are looking for examples.
> Bill Dunlap
> TIBCO Software
> wdunlap tibco.com
> On Wed, Apr 29, 2015 at 1:24 PM, Martin Morgan <mtmorgan at fredhutch.org>
>> On 04/28/2015 01:04 PM, Gábor Csárdi wrote:
>>> When a symbol in a package is resolved, R looks into the package's
>>> environment, and then into the package's imports environment. Then, if the
>>> symbol is still not resolved, it looks into the base package. So far so
>>> If still not found, it follows the 'search()' path, starting with the
>>> global environment and then all attached packages, finishing with base and
>>> recommended packages.
>>> This can be a problem if a package uses a function from a base package,
>>> it does not formally import it via the NAMESPACE file. If another package
>>> on the search path also defines a function with the same name, then this
>>> second function will be called.
>>> E.g. if package 'ggplot2' uses 'stats::density()', and package 'igraph'
>>> also defines 'density()', and 'igraph' is on the search path, then
>>> 'ggplot2' will call 'igraph::density()' instead of 'stats::density()'.
>> stats::density() is an S3 generic, so igraph would define an S3 method,
>> right? And in general a developer would avoid masking a function in a base
>> package, so as not to require the user to distinguish between
>> stats::density() and igraph::density(). Maybe the example is not meant
>> Being able to easily flag non-imported, non-base symbols would definitely
>> improve the robustness of package code, even if not helping the end user
>> disambiguate duplicate symbols.
>> Martin Morgan
>>> I think that for a better solution, either
>>> 1) the search path should not be used at all to resolve symbols in
>>> packages, or
>>> 2) only base packages should be searched.
>>> I realize that this is something that is not easy to change, especially 1)
>>> would break a lot of packages. But maybe at least 'R CMD check' could
>>> report these cases. Currently it reports missing imports for non-base
>>> packages only. Is it reasonable to have a NOTE for missing imports from
>>> base packages as well?
>>> [As usual, please fix me if I am missing or misunderstood something.]
>>> Thank you, Best,
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>>> R-devel at r-project.org mailing list
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