[Rd] large integer values
Simon Urbanek
simon.urbanek at r-project.org
Wed May 14 16:35:24 CEST 2014
On May 14, 2014, at 8:41 AM, Adrian Dușa <dusa.adrian at unibuc.ro> wrote:
> Dear Prof. Ripley,
>
> Once again, thank you for your replies.
> I must confess not being a genuine C programmer, having learned how to use
> C only in connection to R (and the macros provided are almost a separate
> language to learn).
>
> I'll try to read more about the types you've indicated, and will keep
> trying. So far, most certainly I am not doing it right, because all of them
> have the same result. Tried declaring:
>
> uint64_t power[lgth];
> and
> uint_fast64_t power[lgth];
> and
> uintmax_t power[lgth];
>
> but still the top threshold appears at the limit of 32-bit in all cases.
>
How do you print them? It seems like you're printing 32-bit value instead ... (powers of 2 are simply shifts of 1).
Cheers,
S
> Will keep reading about these...
> Best wishes,
> Adrian
>
>
>
> On Wed, May 14, 2014 at 2:45 PM, Prof Brian Ripley <ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk>wrote:
>
>> On 14/05/2014 10:37, Adrian Dușa wrote:
>>
>>> Dear devels,
>>>
>>> I need to create a (short) vector in C, which contains potentially very
>>> large numbers, exponentially to the powers of 2.
>>>
>>
>> This isn't an R question, except in so far that R mandates the usual
>> convention of C <int> being 32-bit. However
>>
>> 1) You should use an unsigned integer type.
>> 2) Most compilers have uint64_t but C99/C11 do not require it. They
>> require uint_fast64_t and uintmax_t (which is the widest unsigned int)
>> types.
>> 3) double will hold much larger powers, and functions like pow_di (where
>> supported) or pow will compute them efficiently for you. And R has
>> R_pow_di in Rmath.h.
>>
>>
>>
>>> This is my test example:
>>>
>>> lgth = 35;
>>> int power[lgth];
>>> power[lgth - 1] = 1;
>>> for (j = 1; j < lgth; j++) {
>>> power[lgth - j - 1] = 2*power[lgth - j];
>>> }
>>>
>>> Everything works ok until it reaches the limit of 2^32:
>>>
>>> power: 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 2048, 4096, 8192,
>>> 16384, 32768, 65536, 131072, 262144, 524288, 1048576, 2097152, 4194304,
>>> 8388608, 16777216, 33554432, 67108864, 134217728, 268435456, 536870912,
>>> 1073741824, -2147483648, 0, 0, 0
>>>
>>> How should I declare the "power" vector, in order to accept integer values
>>> larger then 2^32?
>>>
>>> Thanks very much in advance,
>>> Adrian
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>
>> --
>> Brian D. Ripley, ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
>> Professor of Applied Statistics, http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
>> University of Oxford, Tel: +44 1865 272861 (self)
>> 1 South Parks Road, +44 1865 272866 (PA)
>> Oxford OX1 3TG, UK Fax: +44 1865 272595
>>
>
>
>
> --
> Adrian Dusa
> University of Bucharest
> Romanian Social Data Archive
> 1, Schitu Magureanu Bd.
> 050025 Bucharest sector 5
> Romania
> Tel.:+40 21 3126618 \
> +40 21 3120210 / int.101
> Fax: +40 21 3158391
>
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>
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