[Rd] a^b when a is large and b < 1 (64bit R on windows 7)
Bryan W. Lewis
blewis at illposed.net
Tue Nov 22 00:47:25 CET 2011
Although it does not solve the issue, the INF result is due to the
MinGW gcc math library on 64-bit Windows that R links to. One can
easily see this by compiling just machar.c and checking pow and sqrt
on xmax.
Note that on any platform the results are likely to be quite different
between pow and sqrt for edge case numerical examples.
For example, on a 32-bit Ubuntu box with R-2.14.0, I get:
x = .Machine$double.xmax
y = sqrt(x)
z = x^0.5
y-z
[1] 1.488566e+138
There is also a long discussion about this here:
http://sourceforge.net/mailarchive/forum.php?forum_name=mingw-users&max_rows=25&style=nested&viewmonth=201104
--Bryan
On Mon, Nov 21, 2011 at 10:03 AM, Joris Meys <jorismeys at gmail.com> wrote:
> Should have specified I only checked on Windows. So: On Windows 7
> 64bit, the R-32bit works fine, the R-64bit gives the behaviour Martyn
> reported.
>
> Cheers
> Joris
>
> On Mon, Nov 21, 2011 at 3:58 PM, Brian G. Peterson <brian at braverock.com> wrote:
>> On Mon, 2011-11-21 at 14:41 +0000, Martyn Byng wrote:
>>> I'm getting some strange behaviour when trying to use the power
>>> operator
>>> (a^b) when a is large and b is less than one:
>>>
>>> big <- .Machine$double.xmax
>>> big
>>> big^0.5
>>> sqrt(big)
>>>
>>> > big <- 1.797693134862315708384e+308
>>> > big^0.5
>>> [1] Inf
>>> > sqrt(big)
>>> [1] 1.340781e+154
>>>
>>>
>>> I'm guessing that this behaviour is not expected, or am I missing
>>> something about ^?
>>
>> On a recent Ubuntu 64bit install with R2.14.0 from the repositories, I
>> get:
>>
>>> big <- .Machine$double.xmax
>>> big
>> [1] 1.797693e+308
>>> big^0.5
>> [1] 1.340781e+154
>>> sqrt(big)
>> [1] 1.340781e+154
>>
>> so it does seem to be specific either to your environment.
>>
>> --
>> Brian G. Peterson
>> http://braverock.com/brian/
>> Ph: 773-459-4973
>> IM: bgpbraverock
>>
>> ______________________________________________
>> R-devel at r-project.org mailing list
>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel
>>
>
>
>
> --
> Joris Meys
> Statistical consultant
>
> Ghent University
> Faculty of Bioscience Engineering
> Department of Mathematical Modelling, Statistics and Bio-Informatics
>
> tel : +32 9 264 59 87
> Joris.Meys at Ugent.be
> -------------------------------
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>
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