[Rd] E`<`<rrors in recursive default argument references
luke at stat.uiowa.edu
luke at stat.uiowa.edu
Thu Mar 12 15:38:34 CET 2009
Thanks to Stavros for the report. This should now be fixed in R-devel.
luke
On Wed, 11 Mar 2009, luke at stat.uiowa.edu wrote:
> Looks like an infinite recursion in R_isMissing, which I think may be
> turned into an infinite loop if the C compiler is doing tail call
> optimization. I need to understand why this is written the way it is
> and also why another case that I would expect to also have this
> problem does not before identifying the appropriate fix.
>
> luke
>
> On Tue, 10 Mar 2009, Peter Dalgaard wrote:
>
>> Stavros Macrakis wrote:
>>> Tested in: R version 2.8.1 (2008-12-22) / Windows
>>>
>>> Recursive default argument references normally give nice clear errors.
>>> In the first set of examples, you get the error:
>>>
>>> Error in ... :
>>> promise already under evaluation: recursive default argument
>>> reference or earlier problems?
>>>
>>> (function(a = a) a ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) c(a) ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) a[1] ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) a[[1]] ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) a$x ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) mean(a) ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) sort(a) ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) as.list(a) ) ()
>>>
>>> But in the following examples, R seems not to detect the 'promise
>>> already under evaluation' condition and instead gets a stack overflow,
>>> with the error message:
>>>
>>> Error: C stack usage is too close to the limit
>>>
>>> (function(a = a) (a) ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) -a ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) var(a) ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) sum(a) ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) is.vector(a) ) ()
>>> (function(a = a) as.numeric(a) ) ()
>>>
>>> I don't understand why the two sets of examples behave differently.
>>
>> Ouch!!!
>>
>> This shouldn't happen, I'm pretty sure. In particular not the apparently
>> unstoppable loop under Linux. Thanks for pointing it out.
>>
>>
>>
>
>
--
Luke Tierney
Chair, Statistics and Actuarial Science
Ralph E. Wareham Professor of Mathematical Sciences
University of Iowa Phone: 319-335-3386
Department of Statistics and Fax: 319-335-3017
Actuarial Science
241 Schaeffer Hall email: luke at stat.uiowa.edu
Iowa City, IA 52242 WWW: http://www.stat.uiowa.edu
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