[Rd] 'is.integer' (PR#13671)
macrakis at alum.mit.edu
Wed Apr 22 22:30:36 CEST 2009
Dear R experts,
You are being a bit harsh on this user. He simply doesn't understand
the distinction between "object of type integer" and "integer-valued
object", which is actually fairly subtle.
On Wed, Apr 22, 2009 at 1:45 PM, <hzambran.newsgroups at gmail.com> wrote:
> This is a very simple function that seems not to be working, according to the
> definition given by '?is.integer'.
>  FALSE
> and 1 is obviously an integer value.
The is.integer function is correctly documented to check whether
objects are of *type* integer, thus:
is.integer( 1L ) => TRUE
In R, objects of type integer are only created with literals of the
form 999L; as the output of some functions when the input is integral
(e.g. sort, unique, rev, ...); as the output of some functions which
return index values or differences of index values (which, grep, rle,
...); and the output of a few other functions in certain cases (seq).
Most numbers in R are floating-point numbers (type double), and
determining whether their value is integral is rather subtle.
For example, consider the vector 1+1000^-(1:6). In floating-point
arithmetic, the first 5 values are distinguishable from the integer 1,
but the 6th is not, though of course the *mathematical* number
1+1000^-6 is not integral. Now consider 1e40, which has the property
that floor(x)==x==ceiling(x), which you might think characterizes an
integer; but it also has the property that x+1 == x. Similarly for
1/3 * 1e40.
In other words, it is really a rather subtle question whether a
floating-point number "represents" an integer....
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