[Rd] data argument and environments

Peter Dalgaard p.dalgaard at biostat.ku.dk
Sun Apr 12 21:37:52 CEST 2009

roger koenker wrote:
> Thanks.  Yes,  I wrote rqss,  and attempted to follow the structure of 
> lm, and various analogues,
> for example in survival4.  My problem seems to be that my lam variable 
> is not part of
> the data frame d, and I don't know how to manipulate the environment for 
> the formula
> so that it is found.  There is an untangle.specials() call
>     tmpc <- untangle.specials(Terms, "qss")
> and then each of the "specials"  terms are evaluated in:
>     qss <- lapply(tmpc$vars, function(u) eval(parse(text = u), data))
> which is fine if the data hasn't been specified so it defaults to 
> parent.frame(), since in
> this case variables and lam can all be found in the parent.frame,  but if
> it is specified as a data frame for the variables of the model, then the 
> lam value is
> unavailable.  My impression is that it is somewhat unusual to pass data 
> other than
> variables from the data frame itself for evaluation of the formula -- I 
> thought there
> were examples in mgcv, but I now see that  lamdas in gam() are passed as 
> separate
> arguments, rather than in the special components of the formula.  
> Perhaps I need
> to revert to this strategy, but I'd prefer not to.  Surely, there is 
> some good way to modify
> the above lapply so  that eval finds both stuff in data and in the 
> parent.frame?  It
> appears that I can simply define pf <- parent.frame()  and then add 
> enclos = pf
> to the above eval() call,  is this ok?

I think more likely you want enclos=environment(formula). This is the 
point, the formula-with-environment construction allows both

h <- function(x,y) mymodel(y~x)


h <- function(f) mymodel(f)

to find  their variables in the right place.

    O__  ---- Peter Dalgaard             Øster Farimagsgade 5, Entr.B
   c/ /'_ --- Dept. of Biostatistics     PO Box 2099, 1014 Cph. K
  (*) \(*) -- University of Copenhagen   Denmark      Ph:  (+45) 35327918
~~~~~~~~~~ - (p.dalgaard at biostat.ku.dk)              FAX: (+45) 35327907

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