[Rd] vector S4 classes
maechler at stat.math.ethz.ch
Tue Aug 29 12:11:23 CEST 2006
>>>>> "Robin" == Robin Hankin <r.hankin at noc.soton.ac.uk>
>>>>> on Tue, 29 Aug 2006 10:42:21 +0100 writes:
Robin> In the Green Book, section 7.5 discusses new vector classes and uses
Robin> as an example of a vector class that needs more than one number per
Robin> I would like to define a new class that has a numeric vector and a
Robin> vector of the same length that specifies whether the measurement was
Robin> The following code does not behave as desired:
Robin>  "thing"
>> dput(x <- new("thing",1:10,accurate=rep(T,10)))
Robin> structure(c(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10), accurate = c(TRUE,
Robin> TRUE, TRUE, TRUE, TRUE, TRUE, TRUE, TRUE, TRUE, TRUE), class =
Robin> structure("thing", package = ".GlobalEnv"))
Robin>  1 2 3
Robin> c(1, 2, 3)
Robin> because, although the "accurate" slot is filled as desired in "x",
Robin> when extracting the first
Robin> three elements, it seems to be lost.
and you would really expect that ``R'' magically knows to it
also must subset the accurate slote ?
Robin> What is the appropriate setClass() call to do what I want? Or indeed
Robin> is making "thing"
Robin> a vector class as sensible idea here?
I think you need to define at least a subset and subassign
method for your class as well.
Defining it as "vector" will automatically inherit all the
method definitions for "vector" --- none of which will ``know anything''
about the accuracy slot.
Therefore, I tend to think you rather define a class with "all slots"
setClass("Thing", representation(x = "numeric", accurate = "logical"))
and then you probably have to define many methods for that
class, notably for "[" and also "[<-" where the latter should
happen via setReplaceMethod("Thing",
Also, I'd define a validity method, where you have to decide if
'accurate' must have the same length as 'x' -- or what it should
mean if not.
More information about the R-devel