survfit {survival}R Documentation

Create survival curves


This function creates survival curves from either a formula (e.g. the Kaplan-Meier), a previously fitted Cox model, or a previously fitted accelerated failure time model.


survfit(formula, ...)



either a formula or a previously fitted model


other arguments to the specific method


A survival curve is based on a tabulation of the number at risk and number of events at each unique death time. When time is a floating point number the definition of "unique" is subject to interpretation. The code uses factor() to define the set. For further details see the documentation for the appropriate method, i.e., ?survfit.formula or ?survfit.coxph.

A survfit object may contain a single curve, a set of curves (vector), a matrix of curves, or even a 3 way array: dim(fit) will reveal the dimensions. Predicted curves from a coxph model have one row for each stratum in the Cox model fit and one column for each specified covariate set. Curves from a multi-state model have one row for each stratum and a column for each state, the strata correspond to predictors on the right hand side of the equation. The default printing and plotting order for curves is by column, as with other matrices.


An object of class survfit containing one or more survival curves.


Older releases of the code also allowed the specification for a single curve to omit the right hand of the formula, i.e., survfit(Surv(time, status)), in which case the formula argument is not actually a formula. Handling this case required some non-standard and fairly fragile manipulations, and this case is no longer supported.


Terry Therneau

See Also

survfit.formula, survfit.coxph, survfit.object, print.survfit, plot.survfit, quantile.survfit, residuals.survfit, summary.survfit

[Package survival version 3.7-0 Index]