residuals {stats}R Documentation

Extract Model Residuals


residuals is a generic function which extracts model residuals from objects returned by modeling functions.

resid is an alias for residuals, abbreviated to encourage users to access object components through an accessor function rather than by directly referencing an object slot.

All object classes which are returned by model fitting functions should provide a residuals method. (Note that the method is for ‘⁠residuals⁠’ and not ‘⁠resid⁠’.)

Methods can make use of naresid methods to compensate for the omission of missing values. The default, nls and smooth.spline methods do.


residuals(object, ...)
resid(object, ...)



an object for which the extraction of model residuals is meaningful.


other arguments.


Residuals extracted from the object object.


Chambers, J. M. and Hastie, T. J. (1992) Statistical Models in S. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

See Also

coefficients, fitted.values, glm, lm.

influence.measures for standardized (rstandard) and studentized (rstudent) residuals.

[Package stats version 4.4.0 Index]