weekdays {base} R Documentation

## Extract Parts of a POSIXt or Date Object

### Description

Extract the weekday, month or quarter, or the Julian time (days since some origin). These are generic functions: the methods for the internal date-time classes are documented here.

### Usage

weekdays(x, abbreviate)
## S3 method for class 'POSIXt'
weekdays(x, abbreviate = FALSE)
## S3 method for class 'Date'
weekdays(x, abbreviate = FALSE)

months(x, abbreviate)
## S3 method for class 'POSIXt'
months(x, abbreviate = FALSE)
## S3 method for class 'Date'
months(x, abbreviate = FALSE)

quarters(x, abbreviate)
## S3 method for class 'POSIXt'
quarters(x, ...)
## S3 method for class 'Date'
quarters(x, ...)

julian(x, ...)
## S3 method for class 'POSIXt'
julian(x, origin = as.POSIXct("1970-01-01", tz = "GMT"), ...)
## S3 method for class 'Date'
julian(x, origin = as.Date("1970-01-01"), ...)


### Arguments

 x an object inheriting from class "POSIXt" or "Date". abbreviate logical vector (possibly recycled). Should the names be abbreviated? origin an length-one object inheriting from class "POSIXt" or "Date". ... arguments for other methods.

### Value

weekdays and months return a character vector of names in the locale in use, i.e., Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME").

quarters returns a character vector of "Q1" to "Q4".

julian returns the number of days (possibly fractional) since the origin, with the origin as a "origin" attribute. All time calculations in R are done ignoring leap-seconds.

### Note

Other components such as the day of the month or the year are very easy to compute: just use as.POSIXlt and extract the relevant component. Alternatively (especially if the components are desired as character strings), use strftime.

DateTimeClasses, Date; Sys.getlocale("LC_TIME") crucially for months() and weekdays().

### Examples

## first two are locale dependent:
weekdays(.leap.seconds)
months  (.leap.seconds)
quarters(.leap.seconds)

## Show how easily you get month, day, year, day (of {month, week, yr}), ... :
## (remember to count from 0 (!): mon = 0..11, wday = 0..6,  etc !!)

##' Transform (Time-)Date vector  to  convenient data frame :
dt2df <- function(dt, dName = deparse(substitute(dt))) {
DF <- as.data.frame(unclass(as.POSIXlt( dt )))
names<-(cbind(dt, DF, deparse.level=0L), c(dName, names(DF)))
}
## e.g.,
dt2df(.leap.seconds)    # date+time
dt2df(Sys.Date() + 0:9) # date

##' Even simpler:  Date -> Matrix - dropping time info {sec,min,hour, isdst}
d2mat <- function(x) simplify2array(unclass(as.POSIXlt(x))[4:7])
## e.g.,
d2mat(seq(as.Date("2000-02-02"), by=1, length.out=30)) # has R 1.0.0's release date

## Julian Day Number (JDN, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_day)
## is the number of days since noon UTC on the first day of 4317 BCE.
## in the proleptic Julian calendar.  To more recently, in
## 'Terrestrial Time' which differs from UTC by a few seconds
## See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrestrial_Time
julian(Sys.Date(), -2440588) # from a day
floor(as.numeric(julian(Sys.time())) + 2440587.5) # from a date-time



[Package base version 4.4.0 Index]