diagU2N {Matrix}R Documentation

Transform Triangular Matrices from Unit Triangular to General Triangular and Back


Transform a triangular matrix x, i.e., of class "triangularMatrix", from (internally!) unit triangular (“unitriangular”) to “general” triangular (diagU2N(x)) or back (diagN2U(x)). Note that the latter, diagN2U(x), also sets the diagonal to one in cases where diag(x) was not all one.

.diagU2N(x) assumes but does not check that x is a triangularMatrix with diag slot "U", and should hence be used with care.


 diagN2U(x, cl = getClassDef(class(x)), checkDense = FALSE)

 diagU2N(x, cl = getClassDef(class(x)), checkDense = FALSE)
.diagU2N(x, cl, checkDense = FALSE)



a triangularMatrix, often sparse.


(optional, for speedup only:) class (definition) of x.


logical indicating if dense (see denseMatrix) matrices should be considered at all; i.e., when false, as per default, the result will be sparse even when x is dense.


The concept of unit triangular matrices with a diag slot of "U" stems from LAPACK.


a triangular matrix of the same class but with a different diag slot. For diagU2N (semantically) with identical entries as x, whereas in diagN2U(x), the off-diagonal entries are unchanged and the diagonal is set to all 1 even if it was not previously.


Such internal storage details should rarely be of relevance to the user. Hence, these functions really are rather internal utilities.

See Also

"triangularMatrix", "dtCMatrix".


(T <- Diagonal(7) + triu(Matrix(rpois(49, 1/4), 7,7), k = 1))
(uT <- diagN2U(T)) # "unitriangular"
(t.u <- diagN2U(10*T))# changes the diagonal!
stopifnot(all(T == uT), diag(t.u) == 1,
          identical(T, diagU2N(uT)))
T[upper.tri(T)] <- 5
T <- diagN2U(as(T,"triangularMatrix"))
stopifnot(T@diag == "U")
dT <- as(T, "denseMatrix")
dt. <- diagN2U(dT)
dtU <- diagN2U(dT, checkDense=TRUE)
stopifnot(is(dtU, "denseMatrix"), is(dt., "sparseMatrix"),
          all(dT == dt.), all(dT == dtU),
          dt.@diag == "U", dtU@diag == "U")

[Package Matrix version 1.4-1 Index]