fixDependence {mgcv} R Documentation

## Detect linear dependencies of one matrix on another

### Description

Identifies columns of a matrix X2 which are linearly dependent on columns of a matrix X1. Primarily of use in setting up identifiability constraints for nested GAMs.

### Usage

fixDependence(X1,X2,tol=.Machine\$double.eps^.5,rank.def=0,strict=FALSE)


### Arguments

 X1 A matrix. X2 A matrix, the columns of which may be partially linearly dependent on the columns of X1. tol The tolerance to use when assessing linear dependence. rank.def If the degree of rank deficiency in X2, given X1, is known, then it can be supplied here, and tol is then ignored. Unused unless positive and not greater than the number of columns in X2. strict if TRUE then only columns individually dependent on X1 are detected, if FALSE then enough columns to make the reduced X2 full rank and independent of X1 are detected.

### Details

The algorithm uses a simple approach based on QR decomposition: see Wood (2017, section 5.6.3) for details.

### Value

A vector of the columns of X2 which are linearly dependent on columns of X1 (or which need to be deleted to acheive independence and full rank if strict==FALSE). NULL if the two matrices are independent.

### Author(s)

Simon N. Wood simon.wood@r-project.org

### References

Wood S.N. (2017) Generalized Additive Models: An Introduction with R (2nd edition). Chapman and Hall/CRC Press.

### Examples

library(mgcv)
n<-20;c1<-4;c2<-7
X1<-matrix(runif(n*c1),n,c1)
X2<-matrix(runif(n*c2),n,c2)
X2[,3]<-X1[,2]+X2[,4]*.1
X2[,5]<-X1[,1]*.2+X1[,2]*.04
fixDependence(X1,X2)
fixDependence(X1,X2,strict=TRUE)


[Package mgcv version 1.9-0 Index]