integer {base}R Documentation

Integer Vectors


Creates or tests for objects of type "integer".


integer(length = 0)
as.integer(x, ...)



a non-negative integer specifying the desired length. Double values will be coerced to integer: supplying an argument of length other than one is an error.


object to be coerced or tested.


further arguments passed to or from other methods.


Integer vectors exist so that data can be passed to C or Fortran code which expects them, and so that (small) integer data can be represented exactly and compactly.

Note that current implementations of R use 32-bit integers for integer vectors, so the range of representable integers is restricted to about \pm 2 \times 10^9: doubles can hold much larger integers exactly.


integer creates a integer vector of the specified length. Each element of the vector is equal to 0.

as.integer attempts to coerce its argument to be of integer type. The answer will be NA unless the coercion succeeds. Real values larger in modulus than the largest integer are coerced to NA (unlike S which gives the most extreme integer of the same sign). Non-integral numeric values are truncated towards zero (i.e., as.integer(x) equals trunc(x) there), and imaginary parts of complex numbers are discarded (with a warning). Character strings containing optional whitespace followed by either a decimal representation or a hexadecimal representation (starting with 0x or 0X) can be converted, as well as any allowed by the platform for real numbers. Like as.vector it strips attributes including names. (To ensure that an object x is of integer type without stripping attributes, use storage.mode(x) <- "integer".)

is.integer returns TRUE or FALSE depending on whether its argument is of integer type or not, unless it is a factor when it returns FALSE.


is.integer(x) does not test if x contains integer numbers! For that, use round, as in the function is.wholenumber(x) in the examples.


Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

See Also

numeric, storage.mode.

round (and ceiling and floor on that help page) to convert to integral values.


## as.integer() truncates:
x <- pi * c(-1:1, 10)

is.integer(1) # is FALSE !

is.wholenumber <-
    function(x, tol = .Machine$double.eps^0.5)  abs(x - round(x)) < tol
is.wholenumber(1) # is TRUE
(x <- seq(1, 5, by = 0.5) )
is.wholenumber( x ) #-->  TRUE FALSE TRUE ...

[Package base version 4.4.0 Index]