gl {base} | R Documentation |

Generate factors by specifying the pattern of their levels.

```
gl(n, k, length = n*k, labels = seq_len(n), ordered = FALSE)
```

`n` |
an integer giving the number of levels. |

`k` |
an integer giving the number of replications. |

`length` |
an integer giving the length of the result. |

`labels` |
an optional vector of labels for the resulting factor levels. |

`ordered` |
a logical indicating whether the result should be ordered or not. |

The result has levels from `1`

to `n`

with each value
replicated in groups of length `k`

out to a total length of
`length`

.

`gl`

is modelled on the *GLIM* function of the same name.

The underlying `factor()`

.

```
## First control, then treatment:
gl(2, 8, labels = c("Control", "Treat"))
## 20 alternating 1s and 2s
gl(2, 1, 20)
## alternating pairs of 1s and 2s
gl(2, 2, 20)
```

[Package *base* version 4.3.0 Index]