do.call {base}R Documentation

Execute a Function Call

Description

do.call constructs and executes a function call from a name or a function and a list of arguments to be passed to it.

Usage

do.call(what, args, quote = FALSE, envir = parent.frame())

Arguments

what

either a function or a non-empty character string naming the function to be called.

args

a list of arguments to the function call. The names attribute of args gives the argument names.

quote

a logical value indicating whether to quote the arguments.

envir

an environment within which to evaluate the call. This will be most useful if what is a character string and the arguments are symbols or quoted expressions.

Details

If quote is FALSE, the default, then the arguments are evaluated (in the calling environment, not in envir). If quote is TRUE then each argument is quoted (see quote) so that the effect of argument evaluation is to remove the quotes – leaving the original arguments unevaluated when the call is constructed.

The behavior of some functions, such as substitute, will not be the same for functions evaluated using do.call as if they were evaluated from the interpreter. The precise semantics are currently undefined and subject to change.

Value

The result of the (evaluated) function call.

Warning

This should not be used to attempt to evade restrictions on the use of .Internal and other non-API calls.

References

Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988) The New S Language. Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

See Also

call which creates an unevaluated call.

Examples

do.call("complex", list(imag = 1:3))

## if we already have a list (e.g. a data frame)
## we need c() to add further arguments
tmp <- expand.grid(letters[1:2], 1:3, c("+", "-"))
do.call("paste", c(tmp, sep = ""))

do.call(paste, list(as.name("A"), as.name("B")), quote = TRUE)

## examples of where objects will be found.
A <- 2
f <- function(x) print(x^2)
env <- new.env()
assign("A", 10, envir = env)
assign("f", f, envir = env)
f <- function(x) print(x)
f(A)                                      # 2
do.call("f", list(A))                     # 2
do.call("f", list(A), envir = env)        # 4
do.call(f, list(A), envir = env)          # 2
do.call("f", list(quote(A)), envir = env) # 100
do.call(f, list(quote(A)), envir = env)   # 10
do.call("f", list(as.name("A")), envir = env) # 100

eval(call("f", A))                      # 2
eval(call("f", quote(A)))               # 2
eval(call("f", A), envir = env)         # 4
eval(call("f", quote(A)), envir = env)  # 100

[Package base version 2.15.2 Index]