txtProgressBar {utils}R Documentation

Text Progress Bar


Text progress bar in the R console.


txtProgressBar(min = 0, max = 1, initial = 0, char = "=",
               width = NA, title, label, style = 1, file = "")

setTxtProgressBar(pb, value, title = NULL, label = NULL)
## S3 method for class 'txtProgressBar'
close(con, ...)


min, max

(finite) numeric values for the extremes of the progress bar. Must have min < max.

initial, value

initial or new value for the progress bar. See ‘Details’ for what happens with invalid values.


the character (or character string) to form the progress bar.


the width of the progress bar, as a multiple of the width of char. If NA, the default, the number of characters is that which fits into getOption("width").


the ‘style’ of the bar – see ‘Details’.


an open connection object or "" which indicates the console: stderr() might be useful here.

pb, con

an object of class "txtProgressBar".

title, label

ignored, for compatibility with other progress bars.


for consistency with the generic.


txtProgressBar will display a progress bar on the R console (or a connection) via a text representation.

setTxtProgessBar will update the value. Missing (NA) and out-of-range values of value will be (silently) ignored. (Such values of initial cause the progress bar not to be displayed until a valid value is set.)

The progress bar should be closed when finished with: this outputs the final newline character.

style = 1 and style = 2 just shows a line of char. They differ in that style = 2 redraws the line each time, which is useful if other code might be writing to the R console. style = 3 marks the end of the range by | and gives a percentage to the right of the bar.


For txtProgressBar an object of class "txtProgressBar".

For getTxtProgressBar and setTxtProgressBar, a length-one numeric vector giving the previous value (invisibly for setTxtProgressBar).


Using style 2 or 3 or reducing the value with style = 1 uses \r to return to the left margin – the interpretation of carriage return is up to the terminal or console in which R is running, and this is liable to produce ugly output on a connection other than a terminal, including when stdout() is redirected to a file.

See Also

winProgressBar (Windows only), tkProgressBar (Unix-alike platforms).


 # slow
testit <- function(x = sort(runif(20)), ...)
    pb <- txtProgressBar(...)
    for(i in c(0, x, 1)) {Sys.sleep(0.5); setTxtProgressBar(pb, i)}
testit(style = 3)

[Package utils version 3.6.0 Index]